The Changing Face of Work: Diversity

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Diversity: Sources Consulted


Abella, R. S. (1984). Equality in employment: A Royal Commission Report(4th ed., Vol. 6, pp. 5-7) (Canada, Commission on Equality in Employment). Ottawa, ON: The Royal Commission. Retrieved from

Canada., & Abella, R. S. (1984). Report of the Commission on Equality in Employment. Ottawa, Canada: Minister of Supply and Services Canada. Retrieved from

Canadian Human Rights Reporter. (n.d.). New test for reasonable accommodation. Retrieved from

Clément, D., Silver, W., & Trottier, D. (2012). The evolution of human rights in Canada Canada. Canadian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (n.d.). Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (n.d.). Consolidated Federal Laws of Canada, Canadian Human Rights Act. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (2017, October 25). Rights of LGBTI persons. Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (2017, August 10). Creating new federal accessibility legislation: What we learned. Retrieved from

Agócs, C. (2014). Employment equity in Canada: The legacy of the Abella report. Retrieved from Janzen v. Platy Enterprises Ltd., (May 04, 1989). Retrieved from

McConnell, W. (2006, February 07). Canadian Bill of Rights. Retrieved from

Morris, C. (2006, February 07). Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada. Retrieved from

Parliament of Canada. (n.d.). Bill C-21: An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act. Retrieved from

Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada. (2016, June 01). Retrieved from

Walker, J. (2016, October 21). Legislative Summary of Bill C-16: An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code. Retrieved from

Indigenous Employment

Anderson, Barry and Richards, John, Students in jeopardy: An agenda for improving results in band-operated schools (2016, January 28). C.D. Howe Institute Commentary 444. Retrieved from

Answering the Call: Wecheehetowin (2017). Final report Steering Committee for the University of Toronto Response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Retrieved from

Drummond, D., & Rosenbluth, E. K. (2013). The debate on First Nations education funding: Mind the gap working Paper 49. Retrieved from

Gomez, R., & Lamb, D. (2016). Unions and traditionally disadvantaged workers: Evidence from union wage premiums in Canada 2000 to 2012. E-Journal of International and Comparative Labour Studies, 5(3). Retrieved from

Lamb, D. (2013). Earnings inequality among aboriginal groups in Canada, Journal of Labor Research, 34(2): 224-240. Retrieved from

Moyser, Melissa (2017). Aboriginal people living off-reserve and the labour market: Estimates from the Labour Force Survey, 2007-2015, Statistics Canada Retrieved from

Statistics Canada. (2011).The educational attainment of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. National Household Survey (NHS) 2011. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada, The Daily, (2017, October 25). Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census Retrieved from

LGBTQ People

Bauer, G. R., & Scheim, A. I. (2015, June 1). Transgender people in Ontario, Canada: Statistics from the Trans PULSE Project to inform human rights policy. Retrieved from

Catalyst Information Centre. (2015). First step: Gender identity in the workplace. (Extensive sources list included in this report). Retrieved from

Galloway, G. The Globe and Mail (2017, August 2). Census 2016: More Canadians than ever are living alone, and other takeaways. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from

Grenier, A., & Hixson-Vulpe, J. (2017). Great place to work: Beyond diversity: An LGBT best practice guide for employers. Retrieved from

Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2014, January 31). Policy on preventing discrimination because of gender identity and gender expression. Retrieved from

Pakula, B. J. (2017). Sexual identity, minority stress, and the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual Canadians. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia. Retrieved from

Silva, C., & Warren, A. K. (2009). Building LGBT-inclusive workplaces: Engaging organizations and individuals in change. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada (2017, August 2). Census in Brief: Same-sex couples in Canada in 2016. Retrieved from

TechGirls Canada (TGC). (2016, November 28). Change together: A diversity guidebook for startups and scaleups. Retrieved from

The Canadian Labour Congress (CLC). (2010, December). Workers in transition: A practical guide about gender transition for union representatives. Retrieved from

A Case for Diversity

Crenshaw, K. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6): 1241-99. Retrieved from

Dye, K., and Golnaraghi, G. (2015). Organizational benefits through diversity management: Theoretical perspectives on the business case. The Oxford Handbook of Diversity in Organizations. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from.

Mooney, S. (2016). ‘Nimble’ intersectionality in employment research: A way to resolve methodological dilemmas. Work, Employment and Society, 30(4), 708-718. Retrieved from

Noon, M. (2007). The fatal flaws of diversity and the business case for ethnic minorities. Work, Employment and Society, 21(4): 773-784. Retrieved from

Wrench, J. (2005). Diversity management can be bad for you. Race & Class, 46(3):73-84. Retrieved from

Working Women

Bishu, S. G., & Alkadry, M. G. (2017). A systematic review of the gender pay gap and factors that predict it. Administration & Society, 49(1), 65-104. doi:10.1177/0095399716636928 or

Cornish, M. (2013, April 9). 10 Ways to close Ontario’s gender pay gap. Retrieved from

Crompton, S., & Vickers, M. (2000). One hundred years of labour force. Retrieved from

Devillard, S., Vogel, T., Pickersgill, A., Madgavkar, A., Nowski, T., Krishnan, M., Pan, T., & Kechrid, D. (2017, June). The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in Canada. Retrieved from

Grant, T. (2017). Who is minding the gap? The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from

McInturff, K., & Lambert, B. (2016, March 7). Making Women Count: The uneqal economics of women’s work. Retrieved from

McInturff, K. & Tulloch, P. (2014, October 29). Narrowing the gap: The difference that public sector wages make. Retrieved from

Moser, M. (2017, March) Women In Canada: A Gender-based Statistical Report. Women and paid work. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada. (2017, March 3). The Surge of Women in the Workforce. Retrieved from

work&labour news&research. Tumblr. Search: pay gap. Available from

Xiu, L., & Gunderson, M. (2014). Glass ceiling or sticky floor? Quantile regression decomposition of the gender pay gap in China. International Journal of Manpower, 35(3), 306-326. doi:10.1108/IJM-01-2012-0017 or

Racial, Ethnic, and Visible Minorities

Ballingall, A. (2017, October 25). A majority of Torontonians now identify themselves as visible minorities. Toronto Star. Retrieved from

Bascaramurty, D., Galloway, G., & Maki, A. (2017, October 25). Canada getting more diverse as immigration, Indigenous population increase. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from

Black Lives Matter website --

Block, S., & Galabuzi, G., Weiss A. (2014). The Colour Coded Labour Market by the Numbers. Retrieved from

Block, S., & Galabuzi, G. (2011). The Colour coded labour market: The gap for racialized workers. Retrieved from

Reitz, J. G. (2012) Economic opportunity, multiculturalism, and the roots of popular support for high immigration in Canada,” retrieved from

Reitz, J. G. (2012). The distinctiveness of Canadian immigration experience,” Patterns of Prejudice, 46:5 (2012), 518-538. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada. (2017, October 25). Immigration and ethnocultural diversity: Key results from the 2016 Census. The Daily. Retrieved from

Verma, A., Reitz, J. G., & Banerjee, R. (2015). Unionization and Income Growth of Racial Minority Immigrants in Canada: A Longitudinal Study.International Migration Review. DOI: 10.1111/imre.12172 Retrieved from

Persons with Disabilities

Statistics Canada (2017). Infographic: Canadian survey on disability. Retrieved from

Prince, M. J. (2016). Inclusive employment for Canadians with disabilities: toward a new policy framework and agenda. IRPP Study 60. Retrieved from

Till, M., Leonard, T., Yeung, S. & Nicholls, G. (2015). A profile of the labour market experiences of adults with disabilities among Canadians aged 15 years and older, 2012. Statistics Canada. Retrieved from

Wall, K. (2017). Low income among persons with a disability in Canada. Statistics Canada. Retrieved from



Canadian Red Ensign. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from

CBC (Director). (2017, March 08). Canada 2017 Then vs. Now: The Royal Commission on the Status of Women[Video file]. Retrieved from

CBC. (2017, March 08). Then vs. Now: The Royal Commission on the Status of Women [Photo of women protesting, with one holding a megaphone]. Retrieved from;*,*&crop=w:0.5625xw;*,*&downsize=1280px Used with permission of the CBC.

CUPE/SCFP Ontario . (2017, June). CUPE/SCFP - Black Lives Matter [Image of woman holding Black Lives Matter Sign - Toronto Carnival 2017]. Retrieved from Used with permission of CUPE/SCFP Ontario.

Hidden Figures theatrical release poster (2016). In Wikipedia. Retrieved July 8, 2017, from

Library and Archives Canada. (n.d.). [Image of Pierre Elliot Trudeau and Queen signing of the Proclamation of the Constitution Act, 1982]. Retrieved from

Segarra, A. (2017, January 21). The Future is Accessible [Image of woman in a wheel chair] Retrieved from Used with permission of Annie Segarra.

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